Comparative legal study on privacy and personal data protection for robots equipped with artificial intelligence: looking at functional and technological aspects

AI and Society 34 (3):509-533 (2019)

Abstract
This paper undertakes a comparative legal study to analyze the challenges of privacy and personal data protection posed by Artificial Intelligence embedded in Robots, and to offer policy suggestions. After identifying the benefits from various AI usages and the risks posed by AI-related technologies, I then analyze legal frameworks and relevant discussions in the EU, USA, Canada, and Japan, and further consider the efforts of Privacy by Design originating in Ontario, Canada. While various AI usages provide great convenience, many issues, including profiling, discriminatory decisions, lack of transparency, and impeding consent, have emerged. The unpredictability arising from the AI machine learning function poses further difficulties, which have only been partially addressed by legal frameworks in the aforementioned jurisdictions. However, analyzing the relevant discussions yielded several suggestions. The first priority is adopting PbD as the most flexible, soft-legal, and preferable approach toward AI-oriented issues. Implementing PbD will protect individual privacy and personal data without specific efforts, and achieve both the development of AI and the advancement of privacy and personal data protection. Technical measures that can adapt to an individual’s dynamic choices according to the “context” should be further developed. Furthermore, alternative technical measures, including those to solve the “algorithmic black box” or achieve differential privacy, warrant thorough examination. If AI surpasses human intelligence, a terminating function, such as a “kill switch” will be the last resort to preserve individual choice. Despite numerous difficulties, we must prepare for the coming AI-prevalent society by taking a flexible approach.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s00146-017-0758-8
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 44,474
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Computing Machinery and Intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 1950 - Mind 59 (October):433-60.
Privacy and Freedom.Alan F. Westin - 1970 - Science and Society 34 (3):360-363.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Inaccuracy as a Privacy-Enhancing Tool.Gloria González Fuster - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):87-95.
Property, Privacy and Personhood in a World of Ambient Intelligence.Niels van Dijk - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):57-69.
Property, Privacy and Personhood in a World of Ambient Intelligence.Niels Dijk - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):57-69.
Privacy by Design: Delivering the Promises. [REVIEW]Peter Hustinx - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):253-255.
Data Science and Designing for Privacy.Michael Falgoust - 2016 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 20 (1):51-68.
The Moral Value of Informational Privacy in Cyberspace.Diane P. Michelfelder - 2001 - Ethics and Information Technology 3 (2):129-135.
Privacy Rights and Democracy: A Contradiction in Terms?Annabelle Lever - 2006 - Contemporary Political Theory 5 (2):142-162.
Privacy Rights and Democracy: A Contradiction in Terms?Gary Browning - 2006 - Contemporary Political Theory 5 (2):142-162.
Privacy by Design.Peter Schaar - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):267-274.
Privacy by Design in Personal Health Monitoring.Anders Nordgren - 2015 - Health Care Analysis 23 (2):148-164.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-09-16

Total views
31 ( #282,368 of 2,273,312 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
10 ( #92,003 of 2,273,312 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature