Patterns, models, and predictions: Robert Macarthur's approach to ecology

Philosophy of Science 74 (5):642-653 (2007)
Abstract
Robert MacArthur's mathematical ecology is often regarded as ahistorical and has been criticized by historically oriented ecologists and philosophers for ignoring the importance of history. I clarify and defend his approach, especially his use of simple mathematical models to explain patterns in data and to generate predictions that stimulate empirical research. First I argue that it is misleading to call his approach ahistorical because it is not against historical explanation. Next I distinguish three kinds of criticism of his approach and argue that his approach is compatible with the first two of them. Finally, I argue that the third kind of criticism, advanced by Kim Sterelny and Paul Griffiths, is largely irrelevant to MacArthur's approach. ‡I am especially grateful to Thomas Nickles for encouragement and helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper. Thanks also to Guy Hoelzer, Stephen Jenkins, and Jay Odenbaugh for comments on an earlier draft, Kim Sterelny for clarifications of the Tasmania example, Gregory Mikkelson for references, and the audience at PSA 2006 for discussions. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, 1017 Cathedral of Learning, Pittsburgh, PA 15260; e-mail: yoi5@pitt.edu.
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DOI 10.1086/525610
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References found in this work BETA
The Theory of Island Biogeography.Robert H. Macarthur & Edward O. Wilson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (1):178-179.
Ecological Kinds and Ecological Laws.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1390-1400.
Modeling Nature: Episodes in the History of Population Ecology.Sharon E. Kingsland - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):313-314.

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Citations of this work BETA
The Mechanistic Approach of The Theory of Island Biogeography and its Current Relevance.Viorel Pâslaru - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45 (1):22-33.
What’s so Special About Empirical Adequacy?Sindhuja Bhakthavatsalam & Nancy Cartwright - forthcoming - European Journal for Philosophy of Science:1-21.

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