Grounding scientific knowledge and religious belief in the context of Charle Peirce's metaphysics
In Monica Merutiu, Bogdan Dicher & Adrian Ludusan (eds.), Philosophy of Pragmatism. Religious Premises, Moral Issues and Historical Impact. Efes (2007)
Pragmatism of Peirce and James overcomed traditional dualism between mind and matter, sense data and conceptions, and the severe differentiation between philosophy, science, art and religion. They made three types of synthesis- epistemological, metaphysical and religious, based on relations between belief, thought, and action. Within the framework of these the problem of relation between science and religion is solved. Peirce founded science on essentially religious metaphysics in such context in which knowledge and thought are grounded and become meaningful. Science exists as a part of evolution of the universe not as end in itself. Without solving the metaphysical problems scientific knowledge is fallible and incomplete. Religious belief is another sort of knowledge for the evolution and in the future it would converge with science.
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