Essential bundle theory and modality

Synthese:1-16 (2018)
Authors
Mark Jago
Nottingham University
Abstract
Bundle theories identify material objects with bundles of properties. On the traditional approach, these are the properties possessed by that material object. That view faces a deep problem: it seems to say that all of an object’s properties are essential to it. Essential bundle theory attempts to overcome this objection, by taking the bundle as a specification of the object’s essential properties only. In this paper, I show that essential bundle theory faces a variant of the objection. To avoid the problem, the theory must accept the contingency of identity. I show how this can be achieved in a coherent and well-motivated way, a way that isn’t available to traditional bundle theories.
Keywords Essence  Modality  Bundle theory  Essential bundle theory  Material objects  Contingent identity  Counterpart theory  Metaphysics
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-018-1819-3
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