Authors
Marzenna Jakubczak
Pedagogical University of Krakow
Abstract
The paper starts with some textual distinctions concerning the concept of God in the metaphysical framework of two classical schools of Hindu philosophy, Sāṃkhya and Yoga. Then the author focuses on the functional and pedagogical aspects of prayer as well as practical justification of “religious meditation” in both philosophical schools. A special attention is put on the practice called īśvarapraṇidhāna, recommended in Yoga school, which is interpreted by the author as a form of non-theistic devotion. The meaning of the central object of this concentration, that is puruṣa-viśeṣa, is reconsidered in detail. The subject matter is discussed in the wider context of yogic self-discipline that enables a practitioner to overcome ignorance ( avidyā) and the narrowness of egotic perspective (asmitā), recognized in the Hindu darśanas as the root-cause of all suffering or never-fulfilled-satisfaction ( duḥkha). The non-theistic devotion and spiritual pragmatism assumed by the adherents of Sāṃkhya-Yoga redefines the concept of “God” ( īśvara) as primarily an object of meditative practice and a special tool convenient for spiritual pedagogy.
Keywords Indian philosophy  God in Yoga  Yoga  Sāṃkhya  svābhāvika  īśvara  meditation  religious practice  atheism  non-theism
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References found in this work BETA

Yoga and Sesvara Samkhya.Johannes Bronkhorst - 1981 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 9:309.
Early Sāṁkhya.Edward Hamilton[from old catalog] Johnston - 1937 - London: the Royal Asiatc Society.
The Meaning of Sankhya and Yoga.Franklin Edgerton - 1924 - American Journal of Philology 45 (1):1.

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Citations of this work BETA

Joga dla Polki i Polaka. Rzut oka na recepcję indyjskiej duchowości w Polsce.Marzenna Jakubczak - 2019 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 9 (1):123-145.

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The Yoga Sutras of Patañjali. Patanjali - 1927 - Dover Publications.

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