An Investigation of the Divergences and Convergences of Trait Empathy across Two Cultures

Journal of Moral Education:1-16 (forthcoming)

Authors
Hyemin Han
University of Alabama
Abstract
The extent to which individuals with a variety of cultural backgrounds differ in empathic responsiveness is unknown. This paper describes the differences in trait empathy in one independent and one interdependent society (i.e., United States and Iran respectively). The analysis of data collected from self-reported questionnaires answered by 326 adults indicated a significant difference in the cognitive component of empathy concerning participants’ affiliation to either egocentric or socio-centric society: Iranian participants with interdependent cultural norms, reported higher cognitive empathy compared to American participants who share independent cultural norms. In line with previous studies, gender differences were observed in all subscales of questionnaires except the Empathy Quotient. Female participants demonstrated more empathy than males in both samples. Implications for understanding the cross-cultural differences of various components of empathy are discussed.
Keywords Cultural differences  Cognitive empathy  Affective empathy  Personality trait
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/03057240.2018.1482531
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Moral Judgement of the Child.Jean Piaget - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (31):373-374.
The Complex Relation Between Morality and Empathy.Jean Decety & Jason M. Cowell - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (7):337-339.

View all 14 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Cultural Memory, Empathy, and Rape.Lisa Campo-Engelstein - 2009 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 16 (1):25-42.
Similarity Versus Familiarity: When Empathy Becomes Selfish.Elias L. Khalil - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):41-41.
What is Empathy For?Joel Smith - 2017 - Synthese 194 (3).
In Defense of the Moral Significance of Empathy.Aaron Simmons - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (1):97-111.
Empathy in the Time of Technology: How Storytelling is the Key to Empathy.P. Manney - 2008 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 19 (1):51-61.
How Automatic and Representational is Empathy, and Why.Martin L. Hoffman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):38-39.
Empathy and Its Role in Morality.Meghan Masto - 2015 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):74-96.
The Nature of Empathy.Jakob Eklund - 2013 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (1):28-38.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-06-15

Total views
261 ( #26,165 of 2,285,987 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
79 ( #9,055 of 2,285,987 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature