Was hat der inkarnierte Logos mit Aristoteles zu tun? Thomas von Aquins Gebrauch der Philo­sophie in der Auslegung des Johannesprologs und eine ‚holistische‘ Interpretation seiner Schrifthermeneutik

Ludger Jansen
Universität Passau
Taking Thomas Aquinas's interpretation of the prologue of St John's gospel (in his Lectura super loannem Evangelium) as example, I first discuss eight differences between medieval biblical interpretation and modern exegesis, especially Aquinas's frequent use of philosophical opinions in interpreting the Bible, taken mostly from Aristotle. Second, I account for these differences by reconstructing Aquinas's hermeneutics, hinging, as is shown, upon the assumption that scripture was authored by God infallible and, therefore, only contains true statements. From this starting point Aquinas is lead to a holistic hermeneutics: The interpretation of a biblical statement can be judged on only within the context of an entire theory of God, the world, and of the interpretation of the other biblical statements. Thirdly, this view is discussed systematically and critically.
Keywords Holism  Logos  Religion  Aquinas, Thomas  Aristotle
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