Containing the Atom: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and Nuclear Power in the United States and South Korea

Minerva 47 (2):119-146 (2009)

Abstract
STS research has devoted relatively little attention to the promotion and reception of science and technology by non-scientific actors and institutions. One consequence is that the relationship of science and technology to political power has tended to remain undertheorized. This article aims to fill that gap by introducing the concept of sociotechnical imaginaries. Through a comparative examination of the development and regulation of nuclear power in the US and South Korea, the article demonstrates the analytic potential of the imaginaries concept. Although nuclear power and nationhood have long been imagined together in both countries, the nature of those imaginations has remained strikingly different. In the US, the state’s central move was to present itself as a responsible regulator of a potentially runaway technology that demands effective containment. In South Korea, the dominant imaginary was of atoms for development which the state not only imported but incorporated into its scientific, technological and political practices. In turn, these disparate imaginaries have underwritten very different responses to a variety of nuclear shocks and challenges, such as Three Mile Island (TMI), Chernobyl, and the spread of the anti-nuclear movement.
Keywords Sociotechnical imaginary  Nuclear power  Science and technology policy  Comparative policy  US  South Korea
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DOI 10.1007/s11024-009-9124-4
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References found in this work BETA

Rethinking Expertise.H. M. Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences.Geoffrey C. Bowker & Susan Leigh Star - 2001 - Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):212-214.
Modern Social Imaginaries.Charles Taylor - 2003 - Duke University Press.

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