Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (3):409-430 (2020)

Authors
Nickolas Pappas
City College of New York (CUNY)
Elizabeth Jelinek
Christopher Newport University
Abstract
At Plato’s Phaedrus 270c, Socrates asks whether one can know souls without knowing ‘the whole.’ Phaedrus answers that ‘according to Hippocrates’ the same demand on knowing the whole applies to bodies. What parallel is intended between soul-knowledge and body-knowledge and which medical passages illustrate the analogy have been much debated. Three dominant interpretations read ‘the whole’ as respectively (1) environment, (2) kosmos, and (3) individual soul or body; and adduce supporting Hippocratic passages. But none of these interpretations accounts for the Phaedrus’ rhetorical method. A better reading sees the whole as the genos ‘soul,’ as the Phaedrus’ taxonomies divide that genus.
Keywords Phaedrus  Hippocrates  taxonomy  soul  Plato  Socrates
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Reprint years 2020
DOI 10.1111/papq.12315
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References found in this work BETA

The Hippocratic Tradition.John Scarborough & Wesley D. Smith - 1982 - American Journal of Philology 103 (3):340.
The Hippogratic Question.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1975 - Classical Quarterly 25 (02):171-.
Hippocratica.Wilhelm Nestle - 1938 - Hermes 73 (1):1-38.

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