This essay begins to explore the philosophical grounds on which Chinese literati thinkers came to legitimate, and in some cases value, alternative ways of life in the early modern era. In this essay I examine arguments from two such scholars, the flamboyant iconoclast Li Zhi 李贄 and his lifelong friend, the historian and classicist Jiao Hong 焦竑, to show how this interest in the empirical world led them away from their commitments to moral universalism and toward an appreciation of the diversity and plurality of human moral values.
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DOI 10.1093/arisoc/aoaa023
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The Scientific Spirit and Method in Chinese Philosophy.Hu Shih - 1959 - Philosophy East and West 9 (1/2):29-31.

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