Beyond Naturalism and Normativism: Reconceiving the 'Disease' Debate

Philosophical Papers 36 (3):343-370 (2007)
In considering the debate about the meaning of ‘disease’, the positions are generally presented as falling into two categories: naturalist, e.g., Boorse, and normativist, e.g., Engelhardt and many others. This division is too coarse, and obscures much of what is going on in this debate. I therefore propose that accounts of the meaning of ‘disease’ be assessed according to Hare’s (1997) taxonomy of evaluative terms. Such an analysis will allow us to better understand both individual positions and their inter-relationships. Most importantly, it will show that it is unlikely that there is a single unique disease-concept at issue. Rather, different authors are, for the most part, considering different concepts.
Keywords Disease  naturalism  normativism
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DOI 10.1080/05568640709485206
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References found in this work BETA
Health as a Theoretical Concept.Christopher Boorse - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
Moral Theory and Medical Practice.K. W. M. Fulford - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
Causation: One Word, Many Things.Nancy Cartwright - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):805-819.
A Rebuttal on Health.Christopher Boorse - 1997 - In James M. Humber & Robert F. Almeder (eds.), What is Disease? Humana Press. pp. 1--134.
Wright on Functions.Christopher Boorse - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (1):70-86.

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Citations of this work BETA
Nosology, Ontology and Promiscuous Realism.Nicholas Binney - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):391-397.

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