Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):54-63 (2006)
We examined whether midazolam impairs short-term/working memory processes. We hypothesize that prior dissociations in midazolam’s effects on short-term/working memory tasks and episodic memory tasks arise because midazolam has a larger effect on episodic memory processes than on short-term/working memory processes. To examine these issues, .03 mg/kg of participant’s bodyweight of midazolam was administered in a double-blind placebo-controlled within-participant design. Performance on the digit span and category generation/recall tasks was examined. The results of Experiment 1 demonstrated that: midazolam impaired performance on the digit span task; midazolam did not impair performance on the category generation task; midazolam impaired performance on the category recall task; and midazolam’s effect on category recall was four times as large as its effect on digit span. The results of Experiment 2 demonstrated that midazolam did not impair digit span performance when the digit span task was administered at a later time. These results suggest that midazolam can impair short-term/working memory processes, but these effects are substantially smaller than midazolam’s effect on episodic memory processes. Moreover, they demonstrate that conscious awareness of materials during study is not sufficient to produce episodic memory
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Midazolam Amnesia and Conceptual Processing in Implicit Memory.Elliot Hirshman, Anthony Passannante & Jason Arndt - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):453.
Individual Differences in Working Memory: Introduction to the Special Section.Akira Miyake - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):163.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
From Working Memory to Long-Term Memory and Back: Linked but Distinct.Stephen Grossberg - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-738.
Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review.Bill Faw - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
Backtracking? Rehearsing and Replaying Some Old Arguments About Short-Term Memory.Rosaleen A. McCarthy & E. K. Warrington - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):107-108.
Working Memory Retention Systems: A State of Activated Long-Term Memory.Daniel S. Ruchkin, Jordan Grafman, Katherine Cameron & Rita S. Berndt - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):709-728.
The Contribution of Working Memory to Conscious Experience.Jackie Andrade - 2001 - In Working Memory in Perspective. Psychology Press. pp. 60-78.
Working Memory as a State of Activated Long-Term Memory: A Plausible Theory, but Other Data Provide More Compelling Evidence.Frank Rösler & Martin Heil - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):754-755.
Activation of Long-Term Memory by Alpha Oscillations in a Working-Memory Task?Wolfgang Klimesch & Bärbel Schack - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):743-743.
How Conscious Experience and Working Memory Interact.Bernard J. Baars & Stan Franklin - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):166-172.
More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory.Joaquín M. Fuster - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
Nonconscious Control and Implicit Working Memory.Ran R. Hassin - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 196-222.
Individual Differences in Working Memory and Conditional Reasoning with Concrete and Abstract Content.Henry Markovits, Celine Doyon & Michael Simoneau - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (2):97 – 107.
The Short-Term/Long-Term Memory Distinction: Back to the Past?Giuseppe Vallar - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):757-758.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads4 ( #633,928 of 2,154,127 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #398,005 of 2,154,127 )
How can I increase my downloads?