International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):5 – 29 (1994)
Abstract Theories of induction in psychology and artificial intelligence assume that the process leads from observation and knowledge to the formulation of linguistic conjectures. This paper proposes instead that the process yields mental models of phenomena. It uses this hypothesis to distinguish between deduction, induction, and creative forms of thought. It shows how models could underlie inductions about specific matters. In the domain of linguistic conjectures, there are many possible inductive generalizations of a conjecture. In the domain of models, however, generalization calls for only a single operation: the addition of information to a model. If the information to be added is inconsistent with the model, then it eliminates the model as false: this operation suffices for all generalizations in a Boolean domain. Otherwise, the information that is added may have effects equivalent (a) to the replacement of an existential quantifier by a universal quantifier, or (b) to the promotion of an existential quantifier from inside to outside the scope of a universal quantifier. The latter operation is novel, and does not seem to have been used in any linguistic theory of induction. Finally, the paper describes a set of constraints on human induction, and outlines the evidence in favor of a model theory of induction
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Computability and Logic.George Boolos, John Burgess, Richard P. & C. Jeffrey - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Should Reason Be Fragmented?Nenad Miščević - 1996 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 10 (1):23-36.
Developing Induction.Bruno G. Bara - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):31 – 34.
Similar books and articles
A Material Dissolution of the Problem of Induction.John D. Norton - 2013 - Synthese 191 (4):1-20.
A Recursive Nonstandard Model of Normal Open Induction.Alessandro Berarducci & Margarita Otero - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1228-1241.
Deduction and Induction: Reasoning Through Mental Models. [REVIEW]Bruno G. Bara & Monica Bucciarelli - 2000 - Mind and Society 1 (1):95-107.
Finite Injury and ∑1-Induction.Michael Mytilinaios - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):38 - 49.
On Diophantine Equations Solvable in Models of Open Induction.Margarita Otero - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (2):779-786.
On the Complexity of Models of Arithmetic.Kenneth McAloon - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (2):403-415.
Added to index2009-02-01
Total downloads8 ( #489,166 of 2,164,579 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #347,995 of 2,164,579 )
How can I increase my downloads?