Evolution and Free Will: A Defense of Darwinian Non-naturalism

Metaphilosophy 33 (4):468-482 (2002)
In his recent book The Natural Selection of Autonomy, Bruce Waller defends a view that he calls “natural autonomy.” This view holds that human beings possess a kind of autonomy that we share with nonhuman animals, a capacity to explore alternative courses of action, but an autonomy that cannot support moral responsibility. He also argues that this natural autonomy can provide support for the ethical principle of noninterference. I argue that to support the ethical principle of noninterference Waller needs either a libertarian or a compatibilist theory of autonomy. I then go on to argue that, contra Waller, the libertarian view is both compatible with Darwinism and able to make sense of how autonomous acts belong to the agents who perform them. Thus, I conclude that the libertarian position is a live option for Darwinians. If however, naturalism is taken to include a deterministic view of the universe , as is often the case, then my article takes some strides in defending “Darwinian non–naturalism.”.
Keywords Bruce Waller  naturlaism  determinism  Darwinism  Free will  evolution  Robert Chisholm  libertarianism
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/1467-9973.00240
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 35,496
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles


Added to PP index

Total downloads
33 ( #191,069 of 2,287,481 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #389,932 of 2,287,481 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature