Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):382-394 (2020)

Mark Johnstone
McMaster University
In Republic 8–9, Socrates describes four main kinds of vicious people, all of whose souls are “ruled” by an element other than reason, and in some of whom reason is said to be “enslaved.” What role does reason play in such souls? In this paper, I argue, based on Republic 8–9 and related passages, and in contrast to some common alternative views, that for Plato the “enslavement” of reason consists in this: instead of determining for itself what is good, reason is forced to desire and pursue as good a goal determined by the soul’s ruler.
Keywords Plato  Reason  Humean theory of motivation  Desire  Psychic rule  Moral psychology  Ethics
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DOI 10.1017/can.2019.53
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References found in this work BETA

Plato's Utopia Recast.Christopher Bobonich - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):619-622.
Plato's Theory of Desire.Charles H. Kahn - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (1):77 - 103.
Appearances and Calculations: Plato's Division of the Soul.Jessica Moss - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 34:35-68.
Akrasia in the Republic: Does Plato Change His Mind?Gabriela Roxana Carone - 2001 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 20:107-148.

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