Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1134-1154 (2019)

David W. Johnson
Boston College
One of the most important and least well-understood notions in Watsuji Tetsurō's philosophical oeuvre is the concept of fūdo 風土, which has been variously translated into English as climate and culture, climate, and milieu. Due to the difficulty of translating this term into English, and to the unsatisfactory nature of these alternatives, we will leave this word untranslated here.1 According to Watsuji, fūdo is a "general term which designates the climate, the weather conditions, the nature of the soil, and the geological, topographic, and scenic features of a given land."2 Watsuji eventually expands upon this formulation through myriad examples and theoretical asides that show that the term fūdo goes far beyond...
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DOI 10.1353/pew.2018.0100
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