Contractualist justification and the direction of a duty

Legal Theory 25 (3):200-224 (2019)
  Copy   BIBTEX


ABSTRACTTo whom is a duty owed? Contractualism answers with an interest theory of direction. As such, it faces three challenges. The Conceptual Challenge requires acknowledgment that a duty is conceptually distinct from an interest. The Extensional Challenge requires an account of cases in which one who is owed a duty does not take an interest in the duty, or does not take as much of an interest as someone who is not owed the duty. The Positivist Challenge requires explanation of the great flexibility of law and other social practices in positing duties that do not reflect the landscape of moral interests. Contractualism can be shown to meet these challenges once we acknowledge the centrality of the idea of a generic interest. Focusing on generic interests also illuminates the distinctive form of respect involved in directedness.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,479

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Contractualism and Global Justice: The Iteration Proviso.Richard Vernon - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 19 (2).
Sustainability, Public Health, and the Corporate Duty to Assist.Julian Friedland - 2015 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 34 (2):215-236.
Kontraktualistische Gerechtigkeitstheorien und die Idee eingebetteter Selbste.Martin Rechenauer - 2009 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 95 (1):62-78.
Punishment as Penalty.Suzanne Uniacke - 2015 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 9 (1):37-47.
The Contractualist Dilemma.Moises Vaca - 2017 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 24:43-62.
The Intertwinement of Propositional and Doxastic Justification.Giacomo Melis - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (2):367-379.
The pure theory of public justification.Steven Wall - 2016 - Social Philosophy and Policy 32 (2):204-226.
Bayesian Inference and Contractualist Justification on Interstate 95.Arthur Isak Applbaum - 2014 - In Andrew I. Cohen & Christopher H. Wellman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 219.
Directed Duties.Simon Căbulea May - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (8):523-532.
Rescuing the Duty to Rescue.Tina Rulli & Joseph Millum - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics:1-5.


Added to PP

30 (#392,130)

6 months
1 (#455,463)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Citations of this work

Contractualism and the question of direction.Aaron Salomon - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):1298-1316.

Add more citations

References found in this work

What is it to wrong someone? A puzzle about justice.Michael Thompson - 2004 - In R. Jay Wallace, Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler & Michael Smith (eds.), Reason and Value: Themes from the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz. Clarendon Press. pp. 333-384.
Directed Duties.Simon Căbulea May - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (8):523-532.
The Nature of Claim-Rights.Leif Wenar - 2013 - Ethics 123 (2):202-229.
Duties and their direction.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2010 - Ethics 120 (3):465-494.
Promises and Practices Revisited.Niko Kolodny & R. Jay Wallace - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):119-154.

View all 10 references / Add more references