Contractualist justification and the direction of a duty

Legal Theory 25 (3):200-224 (2019)
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Abstract

ABSTRACTTo whom is a duty owed? Contractualism answers with an interest theory of direction. As such, it faces three challenges. The Conceptual Challenge requires acknowledgment that a duty is conceptually distinct from an interest. The Extensional Challenge requires an account of cases in which one who is owed a duty does not take an interest in the duty, or does not take as much of an interest as someone who is not owed the duty. The Positivist Challenge requires explanation of the great flexibility of law and other social practices in positing duties that do not reflect the landscape of moral interests. Contractualism can be shown to meet these challenges once we acknowledge the centrality of the idea of a generic interest. Focusing on generic interests also illuminates the distinctive form of respect involved in directedness.

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Citations of this work

Contractualism and the question of direction.Aaron Salomon - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):1298-1316.

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References found in this work

What is it to wrong someone? A puzzle about justice.Michael Thompson - 2004 - In R. Jay Wallace, Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler & Michael Smith (eds.), Reason and Value: Themes from the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz. Clarendon Press. pp. 333-384.
Directed Duties.Simon Căbulea May - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (8):523-532.
The Nature of Claim-Rights.Leif Wenar - 2013 - Ethics 123 (2):202-229.
Duties and their direction.Gopal Sreenivasan - 2010 - Ethics 120 (3):465-494.
Promises and Practices Revisited.Niko Kolodny & R. Jay Wallace - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):119-154.

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