Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (4):237-242 (1998)
The possible symmetry between the concepts of brain death and brain birth (life) is explored. Since the symmetry argument has tended to overlook the most appropriate definition of brain death, the fundamental concepts of whole brain death and higher brain death are assessed. In this way, a context is provided for a discussion of brain birth. Different writers have placed brain birth at numerous points: 25-40 days, eight weeks, 22-24 weeks, and 32-36 weeks gestation. For others, the concept itself is open to question. Apart from this, it needs to be asked whether a unitary concept is an oversimplification. The merits of defining two stages of brain birth, to parallel the two definitions of brain death, are discussed. An attempt is then made to map these various stages of brain birth and brain death onto a developmental continuum. Although the results hold biological interest, their ethical significance is less evident. Development and degeneration are not interchangeable, and definitions of death apply specifically to those who are dying, not those who are developing. I conclude that while a dual concept of brain death has proved helpful, a dual concept of brain birth still has problems, and the underlying concept of brain birth itself continues to be elusive
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Are Recent Defences of the Brain Death Concept Adequate?Ari Joffe - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (2):47-53.
Death, Brain Death, and the Limits of Science: Why the Whole-Brain Concept of Death Is a Flawed Public Policy.Mike Nair-Collins - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (3):667-683.
Reconsidering Brain Death: A Lesson From Japan's Fifteen Years of Experience.Masahiro Morioka - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (4):41-46.
Tests in the Diagnosis of Brain Death: The Role of the Radioisotope Brain Scan.Ronald E. Cranford & Barbara Killpatrick - 1981 - Bioethics Quarterly 3:67-72.
Epistemology of Brain Death Determination.Douglas N. Walton - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):259-274.
Bioethics and Japanese Culture: Brain Death, Patients' Rights, and Cultural Factors.Masahiro Morioka - 1995 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 5 (4):87-90.
The EEG as Confirmatory Evidence of Brain Death: Previous and Current Approaches. [REVIEW]Robert J. Wilkus - 1980 - Bioethics Quarterly 2 (1):39-45.
Legal Status of Brain Death in Japan: Why Many Japanese Do Not Accept "Brain Death" as a Definition of Death.Kazumasa Hoshino - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (2-3):234-238.
Current Debate on the Ethical Issues of Brain Death.Masahiro Morioka - 2004 - Proceedings of International Congress on Ethical Issues in Brain Death and Organ Transplantation:57-59.
Confirmatory Tests in the Diagnosis of Brain Death: The Role of the Radioisotope Brain Scan. [REVIEW]Ronald E. Cranford & Barbara K. Patrick - 1981 - Bioethics Quarterly 3 (2):67-72.
Brain Death and the US President's Council on Bioethics.Kevin McGovern - 2009 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 14 (4):9.
Brain Death as a Form of Human Relationships: Brain Dead Person Chapter.Masahiro Morioka - 1989 - Hozokan.
The Conservative Use of the Brain-Death Criterion – a Critique.Tom Tomlinson - 1984 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (4):377-394.
Added to index2010-09-13
Total downloads53 ( #98,059 of 2,163,678 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,043 of 2,163,678 )
How can I increase my downloads?