Aristotle’s Philosophy of Mind

Axiomathes:1-14 (forthcoming)

In an attempt to reject Cartesian Dualism, some philosophers and scientists of the late twentieth century proposed a return to the ancient position that Descartes had opposed, i.e., Aristotle’s psychological hylomorphism, which applied to living beings the ontological thesis, according to which every substance is a compound of matter and form. In this perspective, the soul is actual possession of the body’s capacity to perform a series of life functions. Therefore, according to Aristotle, soul and body are reciprocally interdependent aspects of the living being, so that we must consider the former as an enmattered form, and the latter as an enformed or ensouled matter. This means that, for Aristotle, all the functions of the soul, even the highest ones like thought, are essentially connected with the body, since they ultimately require sensations. This paper illustrates and supports this doctrine in detail, especially in relation to the cognitive processes of the human mind.
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DOI 10.1007/s10516-019-09451-0
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References found in this work BETA

Aristotle's Hylomorphism Without Reconditioning.Anna Marmodoro - 2013 - Philosophical Inquiry 37 (1-2):5-22.
De Anima II 5.Myles F. Burnyeat - 2002 - Phronesis 47 (1):28-90.
The Unity of Descartes's Man.Paul Hoffman - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (3):339-370.
Body and Soul in Aristotle.Richard Sorabji - 1993 - In Michael Durrant & Aristotle (eds.), Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 63-.

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