Kernos 25:103-123 (2012)

Abstract
According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus the Arcadians led by Evander settled in Latium, where they established numerous cults, including the Lykaia, assimilated to the Lupercalia, the festivals of Nike, a cult of Demeter marked by nephalia, and the Hippokrateia of Poseidon Hippios, known in Rome as Consualia. A whole scholarly tradition, from the 19th century to the 21st, speaks of a cult transfer from Arcadian Pallantion to Pallantium in Latium. An attempt will be made to show that this is not at all the case, and that Dionysius chose the festivals cited according to a Roman point of view. Arcadia plays no part, save to provide names and a justification through Hellenism and antiquity.Selon Denys d’Halicarnasse , les Arcadiens, conduits par Évandre, se seraient installés dans le Latium où ils auraient établi de nombreux cultes, parmi lesquels les Lykaia, assimilés aux Lupercalia, les fêtes de Niké, un culte de Déméter caractérisé par des nephalia et les Hippokrateia de Poséidon Hippios, appelés à Rome Consualia. Toute une tradition érudite, du xixe au xxie siècle, parle de transferts de culte de l’arcadienne Pallantion à la Pallantium du Latium. On s’attachera à montrer qu’il n’en est rien et que Denys choisit les fêtes évoquées selon un point de vue romain. L’Arcadie ne joue aucun autre rôle que celui de fournir des noms et une caution d’hellénisme et d’ancienneté
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DOI 10.4000/kernos.2108
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