Journal of Practical Ethics 4 (2):79-93 (2016)

Authors
Joseph Bowen
Stockholm University
Abstract
This paper considers whether victims can justify what appears to be unnecessary defensive harming by reference to an honour-based justification. I argue that such an account faces serious problems: the honour-based justification cannot permit, first, defensive harming, and second, substantial unnecessary harming. Finally, I suggest that, if the purpose of the honour based justification is expressive, an argument must be given to demonstrate why harming threateners, as opposed to opting for a non-harmful alternative, is the most effective means of affirming one’s honour. Along the way, I also suggest why I think that internalism about the constraints on defensive harming (the view that the satisfaction of the necessity constraint is a necessity condition of a threatener’s liability) is correct. Most importantly, externalism implies that threateners can be liable to suffer gratuitous harm. I take this to be an unattractive consequence of the view.
Keywords Practical Ethics  Defensive Harming  Honour
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References found in this work BETA

Killing in War.Jeff McMahan - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
Cosmopolitan War.Cécile Fabre - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
The Expressive Function of Punishment.Joel Feinberg - 1965 - The Monist 49 (3):397-423.
The Basis of Moral Liability to Defensive Killing.Jeff McMahan - 2005 - Philosophical Issues 15 (1):386–405.

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Citations of this work BETA

Killing and Rescuing: Why Necessity Must Be Rethought.Kieran Oberman - 2020 - Philosophical Review 129 (3):433-463.

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