The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2016)

Authors
Daniel Moseley
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Abstract
We examine a set of debates in Practical Ethics commonly labeled “the ethics of human enhancement.” Our essay focuses on (1) conceptual concerns about the limits of legitimate health care—the treatment vs. enhancement distinction, (2) moral considerations about fairness, authenticity, and human nature that are common in discussing the use of medical technologies in competitive institutions like sports and academia, and (3) broader issues that pertain to science policy and the distribution and regulation of medical technologies.
Keywords human enhancement  moral enhancement  treatment vs. enhancement  eugenics  disease  disability  sports ethics  authenticity  perfectionism  transhumanism
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The Epistemology of Cognitive Enhancement.J. Adam Carter & Duncan Pritchard - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy (2):220-242.

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