Res Philosophica 94 (1):119-134 (2017)

Authors
Julie Wulfemeyer
Minnesota State University, Mankato
Abstract
Both Russell and Donnellan proposed direct, non-descriptive cognitive relations between thinkers and objects. They agreed that such relations couldn’t be initiated in evidence cases, but Donnellan, unlike Russell, thought direct cognitive relations could be transmitted from person to person. Kaplan (2012) suggests the issues of initiation and transmission are separable—allowing one to deny that evidence yields direct cognition while believing direct cognition is transmittable. Here, cases involving transmission, evidence, ordinary perception, and perception aided by technology are considered. It is concluded that the same mechanism is at work in each case, and that the initiation issue cannot be separated from the transmission issue since transmission cases are evidence cases. Finally, it is argued that this doesn’t threaten the directness of the cognitive relations involved.
Keywords having in mind  acquaintance  direct cognition  de re thought  social transmission
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ISBN(s) 2168-9105
DOI 10.11612/resphil.1498
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References found in this work BETA

Reference and Definite Descriptions.Keith S. Donnellan - 1966 - Philosophical Review 75 (3):281-304.
Naming and Necessity.Saul A. Kripke - 1980 - Philosophy 56 (217):431-433.
The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans & John Mcdowell - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):534-538.
Speaking of Nothing.Keith S. Donnellan - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (1):3-31.

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