Journal of Cognitive Science 11:215-246 (2010)

Authors
Justin Garson
Hunter College (CUNY)
Abstract
Scientists, philosophers, and even the lay public commonly accept that schizophrenia stems from a biological or internal ‘dysfunction.’ However, this assessment is typically accompanied neither by well-defined criteria for determining that something is dysfunctional nor empirical evidence that schizophrenia satisfies those criteria. In the following, a concept of biological function is developed and applied to a neurobiological model of schizophrenia. It concludes that current evidence does not warrant the claim that schizophrenia stems from a biological dysfunction, and, in fact, that unusual neural structures associated with schizophrenia may have functional or adaptive significance. The fact that current evidence is ambivalent between these two possibilities (dysfunction versus adaptive function) implies that schizophrenia researchers should be much more cautious in using the ‘dysfunction’ label than they currently are. This has implications for both psychiatric treatment as well as public perception of mental disorders.
Keywords Mental disorder  mental illness  function  dysfunction  schizophrenia  natural selection  neural selection  philosophy of psychiatry
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Upload history
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Nature of Selection.Elliott Sober - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (1):77-88.

View all 50 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Schizophrenia, Mental Capacity, and Rational Suicide.Jeanette Hewitt - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (1):63-77.
Being the Shadow: Witnessing Schizophrenia. [REVIEW]Lisa Diedrich - 2010 - Journal of Medical Humanities 31 (2):91-109.
The Reality and Classification of Mental Disorders.Jonathan Y. Tsou - 2008 - Dissertation, University of Chicago
Reconceiving Schizophrenia.Man Cheung Chung, Bill Fulford & George Graham (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
Naturalist Accounts of Mental Disorder.Elselijn Kingma - 2013 - In K. . W. . M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 363.
Combating Fuzziness with Computational Modeling.L. M. Talamini, M. Meeter & J. M. J. Murre - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):107-108.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-02-14

Total views
157 ( #55,396 of 2,329,865 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
19 ( #32,122 of 2,329,865 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes