Emotion Review 3 (1):17-25 (2011)

Abstract
Emotions are foremost self-regulating processes that permit rapid responses and adaptations to situations of personal concern. They have biological bases and are shaped ontogenetically via learning and experience. Many situations and events of personal concern are social in nature. Thus, social exchanges play an important role in learning about rules and norms that shape regulation processes. I argue that (a) emotions often are actively auto-regulating—the behavior implied by the emotional reaction bias to the eliciting event or situation modifies or terminates the situation; (b) certain emotion components are likely to habituate dynamically, modifying the emotional states; (c) emotions are typically intra- and interpersonal processes at the same time, and modulating forces at these different levels interact; (d) emotions are not just regulated—they regulate. Important conclusions of my arguments are that the scientific analysis of emotion should not exclude regulatory processes, and that effortful emotion regulation should be seen relative to a backdrop of auto-regulation and habituation, and not the ideal notion of a neutral baseline. For all practical purposes unregulated emotion is not a realistic concept
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DOI 10.1177/1754073910380971
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References found in this work BETA

The Emotions.Nico H. Frijda - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
Measures of Emotion: A Review.Iris B. Mauss & Michael D. Robinson - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (2):209-237.
Emotion Elicitation Using Films.James J. Gross & Robert W. Levenson - 1995 - Cognition and Emotion 9 (1):87-108.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Maturing Field of Emotion Regulation.Maya Tamir - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):3-7.

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