How would you know if you synthesized a thinking thing?

Minds and Machines 12 (1):61-86 (2002)
Abstract
We confront the following popular views: that mind or life are algorithms; that thinking, or more generally any process other than computation, is computation; that anything other than a working brain can have thoughts; that anything other than a biological organism can be alive; that form and function are independent of matter; that sufficiently accurate simulations are just as genuine as the real things they imitate; and that the Turing test is either a necessary or sufficient or scientific procedure for evaluating whether or not an entity is intelligent. Drawing on the distinction between activities and tasks, and the fundamental scientific principles of ontological lawfulness, epistemological realism, and methodological skepticism, we argue for traditional scientific materialism of the emergentist kind in opposition to the functionalism, behaviourism, tacit idealism, and merely decorative materialism of the artificial intelligence and artificial life communities
Keywords Artificial Intelligence  Computation  Functionalism  Mind  Science  Turing Test
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1013738831686
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 31,786
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
How Does It Work?: The Search for Explanatory Mechanisms.Mario Bunge - 2004 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2):182-210.
(Math, Science, ?).M. Kary - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (3):61-86.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
The Turing Test: The First Fifty Years.Robert French - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):115-121.
Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW]A. P. Saygin & I. Cicekli - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
On Implementing a Computation.David J. Chalmers - 1994 - Minds and Machines 4 (4):391-402.
Beyond the Turing Test.Jose Hernandez-Orallo - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (4):447-466.
Who's Afraid of the Turing Test?Dale Jacquette - 1993 - Behavior and Philosophy 20 (21):63-74.
The Constructability of Artificial Intelligence.Bruce Edmonds - 2000 - Journal of Logic Language and Information 9 (4):419-424.
The Turing Test.B. Jack Copeland - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):519-539.
The Status and Future of the Turing Test.James H. Moor - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (1):77-93.
Making the Right Identification in the Turing Test.Saul Traiger - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):561-572.
Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
84 ( #70,577 of 2,231,532 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #190,228 of 2,231,532 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature