American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):3-16 (2012)
In May 2011, more than a decade after the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) abandoned sex testing, they devised new policies in response to the IAAF's treatment of Caster Semenya, the South African runner whose sex was challenged because of her spectacular win and powerful physique that fueled an international frenzy questioning her sex and legitimacy to compete as female. These policies claim that atypically high levels of endogenous testosterone in women (caused by various medical conditions) create an unfair advantage and must be regulated. Against the backdrop of Semenya's case and the scientific and historical complexity of ?gender verification? in elite sports, we question the new policies on three grounds: (1) the underlying scientific assumptions; (2) the policymaking process; and (3) the potential to achieve fairness for female athletes. We find the policies in each of these domains significantly flawed and therefore argue they should be withdrawn
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
„The Traffic in Women “In: Rayna Reiter.Gayle Rubin - 1975 - In Rayna R. Reiter (ed.), Toward an Anthropology of Women. Monthly Review Press.
The Traffic in Women: Notes on the "Political Economy" of Sex.Gayle Rubin - 1975 - In Rayna R. Reiter (ed.), Toward an Anthropology of Women. Monthly Review Press. pp. 157--210.
Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex.Alice Domurat Dreger - 2001 - Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):216-217.
Making Sex: Body and Gender From the Greeks to Freud.Thomas Laqueur - 1992 - Journal of the History of Biology 25 (1):167-168.
Citations of this work BETA
Stereotype Threat and Attributional Ambiguity for Trans Women.Rachel Mckinnon - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (1):857-872.
Are the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes Really Out of Bounds? Response to “Out of Bounds? A Critique of the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes”.Stéphane Bermon, Martin Ritzen, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg & Thomas H. Murray - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):63-65.
Gender Transports: Privileging the “Natural” in Gender Testing Debates for Intersex and Transgender Athletes.Lance Wahlert & Autumn Fiester - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):19 - 21.
The Onus of Inclusivity: Sport Policies and the Enforcement of the Women's Category in Sport.Sarah Teetzel - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (1):113-127.
Similar books and articles
Reexamining Rationales of “Fairness”: An Athlete and Insider's Perspective on the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes.Hida Patricia Viloria & Maria Jose Martínez-Patino - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):17-19.
Intersex Athletes: Do We Need A Gender Police In Professional Sports?Maren Behrensen - 2010 - IWM Junior Visiting Fellows' Conferences XXIX.
What Would Happen If a 'Woman' Outpaced the Winner of the Gold Medal in the 'Men's' One Hundred Meters?Michael Burke - 2004 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (1):35-43.
Is There a Right Not to Know One's Sex? The Ethics of 'Gender Verification' in Women's Sports Competitions.Claudia Wiesemann - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (4):216-220.
More on Enrolling Female Students in Science and Engineering.Cynthia Townley - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):295-301.
Who's Afraid of Stella Walsh? On Gender, 'Gene Cheaters', and the Promises of Cyborg Athletes.Kutte Jönsson - 2007 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (2):239 – 262.
Respecting Privacy in Detecting Illegitimate Enhancements in Athletes.Sarah Teetzel - 2007 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (2):159 – 170.
Fetal Protection: Law, Ethics and Corporate Policy. [REVIEW]Ira Sprotzer & Ilene V. Goldberg - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (10):731-735.
Transsexuals in Sport–Fairness and Freedom, Regulation and Law.John Coggon - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (1):4-17.
Coercive Population Policies, Procreative Freedom, and Morality.R. Juha - 2001 - Philosophy and Geography 4 (1):67 – 77.
National, Regional and Global Perspectives of Higher Education and Science Policies in the Arab Region.Samia Nour - 2011 - Minerva 49 (4):387-423.
Can Authorship Policies Help Prevent Scientific Misconduct? What Role for Scientific Societies?Anne Hudson Jones - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):243-256.
Moral Atmosphere and Athletic Aggressive Tendencies in Young Soccer Players.Marta Guivernau & Joan L. Duda - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (1):67-85.
A Comparison of Conflict of Interest Policies at Peer-Reviewed Journals in Different Scientific Disciplines.Jessica S. Ancker & Annette Flanagin - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):147-157.
Added to index2012-06-14
Total downloads27 ( #190,350 of 2,172,903 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #324,815 of 2,172,903 )
How can I increase my downloads?