Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (1):23-35 (2016)

The term ‘humanism’ is Western in origin. It denotes the tradition that places special emphasis on cultivation of letters for education. In the West, this tradition was originated with sophists and Isocrates, established by Cicero, and was developed by Renaissance humanists. East Asia, however, also has its own humanistic traditions with equal educational relevance. One of these is a Japanese version of Confucian humanism established by Ogyu Sorai. This tradition is based on the interpretation of Confucius as a lover of poetry and a teacher of rites. In this article, we discuss the main features of East Asian humanism represented by Sorai and Confucius. Then, after an overview of Western humanism, we aim to elucidate both the convergence and divergence of the two traditions. The investigation will help us to envision humanistic education of the twenty-first century.
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DOI 10.1080/00131857.2015.1084216
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Wahrheit und methode.Hans-Georg Gadamer - 1973 - Bijdragen 34 (2):118-122.
Confucius: The Analects.D. C. Lau (ed.) - 2000 - Columbia University Press.
Confucius--The Secular as Sacred.Henry Rosemont - 1976 - Philosophy East and West 26 (4):463-477.

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