Virtue theory, ideal observers, and the supererogatory

Philosophical Studies 146 (2):179-96 (2009)

Authors
Jason Kawall
Colgate University
Abstract
I argue that recent virtue theories (including those of Hursthouse, Slote, and Swanton) face important initial difficulties in accommodating the supererogatory. In particular, I consider several potential characterizations of the supererogatory modeled upon these familiar virtue theories (and their accounts of rightness) and argue that they fail to provide an adequate account of supererogation. In the second half of the paper I sketch an alternative virtue-based characterization of supererogation, one that is grounded in the attitudes of virtuous ideal observers, and that avoids the concerns raised in the first part of the paper.
Keywords virtue ethics  virtue theory  virtue  ideal observer  Hursthouse  supererogation  supererogatory  ideals  right action
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-008-9250-0
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References found in this work BETA

On Virtue Ethics.Rosalind Hursthouse - 1999 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

An Excess of Excellence: Aristotelian Supererogation and the Degrees of Virtue.Maria Silvia Vaccarezza - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (1):1-11.
What the Science of Morality Doesn't Say About Morality.G. Abend - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (2):157-200.
Altruism and Ambition in the Dynamic Moral Life.Tom Dougherty - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (4):716-729.

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