Frederic Kellogg
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
Using two examples of ethical choice, Philippa Foot’s snake and the traffic roundabout, this paper offers an account of normative induction that characterizes particularism and generalism as stages of normative inquiry, rather than rival accounts of moral knowledge and motivation. Ethical particularism holds that the evaluative cannot be “cashed out” in propositional form, and that it is descriptively “shapeless.” Drawing on examples from law, this paper claims that, while individual normative inquiry may be viewed as encountering a shapeless particularist context of seemingly unlimited non-moral properties, normativity is driven by repetition of similar situations toward shared practices and descriptive predication. Rather than retention of epistemic status by defeated reasons,this illustrates retirement of relevant properties and accompanying reasons,transformation of the reasons environment, and a pluralist normative ontology.
Keywords ethical particularism  ethical generalism  moral particularism  moral generalism  induction  normativity  moral knowledge  reasons holism  Jonathan Dancy  Bernard Williams
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A Treatise of Human Nature.David Hume & A. D. Lindsay - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (33):379-380.
Freedom and Reason.R. M. Hare - 1963 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
Moral Reasons.Jonathan Dancy - 1993 - Blackwell.
Problems of the Self.Bernard A. O. Williams - 1973 - Cambridge University Press.
Problems of the Self.Bernard Williams - 1973 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 37 (3):551-551.

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