Utilitas 8 (3):341-355 (1996)

Abstract
With a book as wide ranging and insightful as Barry's Justice as Impartiality, it is perhaps a little churlish to criticize it for paying insufficient attention to one's own particular interests. That said, in what follows I am going to do just that and claim that in an important sense Barry does not take utilitarianism seriously. Utilitarianism does receive some discussion in Barry's book, and in an important section which I will discuss he even appears to concede that utilitarianism provides a rival though ultimately inadequate theory of justice. Nevertheless, utilitarianism is not considered a rival to ‘justice as impartiality’ in the way that ‘justice as mutual advantage’ and ‘justice as reciprocity’ are. One response, and perhaps the only adequate response, would be to construct a rival utilitarian theory. I cannot provide such a theory in this paper, and I certainly would be very cautious about claiming that I could provide such a theory elsewhere. What I want to suggest is that utilitarianism is a genuine third theory to contrast with ‘justice as mutual advantage’ and ‘justice as impartiality’ – ‘justice as reciprocity’ being merely a hybrid of ‘justice as mutual advantage’, at least as Barry presents it. I also want to argue that it poses a more significant challenge to a contractualist theory such as Barry's than his discussion of utilitarianism reveals.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S0953820800005045
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,903
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Practical Ethics.John Martin Fischer - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (2):264.
Law's Empire.Ken Kress - 1986 - Ethics 97 (4):834-860.
Political Argument.W. G. Runciman & Brian Barry - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (66):87.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

A Theory of Impartial Justice.Gerry Cross - 2001 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 21 (1):129-144.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Utilitarianism and the Theory of Justice.Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert & D. Donaldson - 1999 - School of Economics, University of Nottingham.
Much Ado About Nothing?: Barry, Justice and Animals.Robert Garner - 2012 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (3):363-376.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-08-30

Total views
93 ( #110,186 of 2,426,550 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #122,043 of 2,426,550 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes