Beyond the Elementary Forms of Moral Life: Reflexivity and Rationality in Durkheim's Moral Theory

Sociological Theory 28 (2):215 - 244 (2010)
Abstract
Was Durkheim an apologist for the authoritarianism? Is the sociology founded upon his work incapable of critical perspective; and must it operate under the presumption that social agents, including sociologists themselves, are incapable of reflexivity? Certainly some have said so, but they may be wrong. In this essay, I address these questions in the light of Durkheim's revisionary sociology of morals. I elaborate on unfinished elements in Durkheim's abruptly concluded (because of his early and unexpected death) scholarship, pointing out Durkheim's recognition that co-present moral spheres always exist in an organically complex society, and explaining how these co-present spheres obligate social agents to untether from any absolute moral affiliations. Ultimately, then, the argument shows how the solidarity/social-order relationship is transcended within Durkheim's sociology, even by Durkheim himself
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DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9558.2010.01371.x
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After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory.Alasdair C. MacIntyre - 2007 - University of Notre Dame Press.
Whose Justice? Which Rationality?Alasdair MacIntyre - 1988 - University of Notre Dame Press.

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