Causation and evidence-based practive - an ontological review

Authors
Stephen Mumford
Durham University
Rani Anjum
University of Tromsø (PhD)
Svein Lie
University of Tromsø
2 more
Abstract
We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, many of the processes within an evidence-based practice framework are better accounted for. Further, some of the problems associated with the health research, e.g. external validity of causal findings, dissolve.
Keywords causation  evidence based practice  medicine  RCTs  ontology  health care
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DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2012.01908.x
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References found in this work BETA

Counterfactuals.David K. Lewis - 1973 - Blackwell.
The Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine.Jeremy Howick - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell, Bmj Books.
Are Rcts the Gold Standard?Nancy Cartwright - 2007 - Biosocieties 1:11-20.

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Citations of this work BETA

A Philosophical Argument Against Evidence-Based Policy.Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen D. Mumford - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):1045-1050.
Epistemology of Causal Inference in Pharmacology.Jürgen Landes, Barbara Osimani & Roland Poellinger - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (1):3-49.

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