Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):43-58 (2010)
Humanity entered the twenty-first century with revolutionary achievements in biomedical research. At the same time multiple “dual-use” results have been published. The battle against infectious diseases is meeting new challenges, with newly emerging and re-emerging infections. Both natural disaster epidemics, such as SARS, avian influenza, haemorrhagic fevers, XDR and MDR tuberculosis and many others, and the possibility of intentional mis-use, such as letters containing anthrax spores in USA, 2001, have raised awareness of the real threats. Many great men, including Goethe, Spinoza, J.B. Shaw, Fr. Engels, J.F. Kennedy and others, have recognized that liberty is also a responsibility. That is why the liberty to decide now represents an acknowledged necessity: biomedical research should be supported, conducted and published with appropriate measures to prevent potential “dual use”. Biomedical scientists should work according to the ethical principles of their Code of Conduct, an analogue of Hippocrates Oath of doctors; and they should inform government, society and their juniors about the problem. National science consulting boards of experts should be created to prepare guidelines and control the problem at state level. An international board should develop minimum standards to be applicable by each country. Bio-preparedness is considered another key-measure.
|Keywords||Dual-use biomedical research Liberty Epidemics Emerging infections Bioterrorism Biopreparedness Code of conduct Minimum Standards|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza.Benedictus de Spinoza & R. H. M. Elwes - 1883 - George Bell and Sons.
Citations of this work BETA
Dual Use Research: Investigation Across Multiple Science Disciplines.Shannon Oltmann - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (2):327-341.
Similar books and articles
Protecting People in Research: A Comparison Between Biomedical and Traffic Research. [REVIEW]Sara Svensson & Sven Ove Hansson - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):99-115.
Bridging the Divide Between Genomic Science and Indigenous Peoples.Bette Jacobs, Jason Roffenbender, Jeff Collmann, Kate Cherry, LeManuel Lee Bitsói, Kim Bassett & Charles H. Evans - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (3):684-696.
Protection of Animal Research Subjects.Czesław Radzikowski - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):103-110.
Non-Human Primates: The Appropriate Subjects of Biomedical Research?M. Quigley - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (11):655-658.
Harmonizing Regulations for Biomedical Research: A Critical Analysis of the Us and Venezuelan Systems.Dannie Di Tillio-Gonzalez Ruth L. Fischbach - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):167-177.
A Review of the Types of Scientific Misconduct in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW]Malhar N. Kumar - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):211-228.
Data Sharing and Dual-Use Issues.Louise Bezuidenhout - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):83-92.
The Dilemma of Dual Use Biological Research: Polish Perspective.Marek Czarkowski - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):99-110.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads19 ( #261,689 of 2,178,180 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #316,504 of 2,178,180 )
How can I increase my downloads?