Avīci Hell and wújiān in the Cognitive Process: Observations on Some Technical Terms in the Jié tuō dào lùn

Journal of Indian Philosophy 44 (5):939-956 (2016)

The text Jié tuō dào lùn, or Chinese translation of *Vimuttimagga mentions the Avīci Hell all of a sudden in the section on the cognitive process. The problematic phrase wújiān shēng Āpídìyù has been interpreted in different ways by several scholars. Japanese scholars tend to skip the phrase, or regard the term Āpídìyù as a typographic error. Given that we do not have an original text, however, the phrase needs to be understood as it is. In contrast, the English translation interprets the term wújiān as a name of hell, and considers it as a synonym of Āpídìyù, namely the Avīci Hell. Even though the Chinese term wújiān itself is usually understood as the Avīci Hell, namely, Wújiāndìyù or Āpídìyù, of which the corresponding Pāli is Avīci-niraya, it is not the case here since a hell as such has nothing to do with the cognitive process. Assuming that the term Āpídìyù is not a typographic error, I propose to understand this problematic phrase as the simile in the sentence ‘seven mind-moments [immediately proceed just as one who has performed] the Five Sins is reborn into the Avīci Hell [as soon as he dies]’. The term wújiān meaning ‘no-gap’ in the cognitive process section conveys that there is not any intermission between the successive mind-moments. In Pāli perspectives, it implies that the successive mind-moments are in the proximity condition. The Jié tuō dào lùn was likely to use a metaphor in order to set a rule for governing the cognitive process rather than making a specific technical term.
Keywords Wújiān  Avīci Hell   Anantara-paccaya   Jié tuō dào lùn  *Vimuttimagga
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10781-015-9287-2
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 43,883
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Problem of Hell Revisited: Towards a Gentler Theology of Hell.Karori Mbũgua - 2011 - Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 3 (2):93-103.
Hell and the Goodness of God.Wilko van Holten - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (1):37 - 55.
Hell and the Goodness of God.Wilko van Holten - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (1):37-55.
A Meditation on Hell: Lessons From Dante.James Wetzel - 2002 - Modern Theology 18 (3):375-394.
Escaping Heaven.Benjamin Matheson - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 75 (3):197-206.
The Problem of Hell. [REVIEW]Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1997 - International Studies in Philosophy 29 (2):134-136.
Hell and the Problem of Evil.Andrei A. Buckareff & Allen Plug - 2013 - In Justin McBrayer & Daniel Howard-Snyder (eds.), Companion to the Problem of Evil. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 128-143.
Molinism and Hell.Gordon Knight - 2010 - In Joel Buenting (ed.), The Problem of Hell. Ashgate.
Hell and the God of Justice.Marilyn McCord Adams - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):433 - 447.
Plato's 'Technical Terms'.H. C. Baldry - 1937 - Classical Quarterly 31 (3-4):141-.


Added to PP index

Total views
11 ( #687,649 of 2,266,261 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #850,735 of 2,266,261 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes

Sign in to use this feature