Images are not the evidence in neuroimaging

Abstract
fMRI promises to uncover the functional structure of the brain. I argue, however, that pictures of ‘brain activity' associated with fMRI experiments are poor evidence for functional claims. These neuroimages present the results of null hypothesis significance tests performed on fMRI data. Significance tests alone cannot provide evidence about the functional structure of causally dense systems, including the brain. Instead, neuroimages should be seen as indicating regions where further data analysis is warranted. This additional analysis rarely involves simple significance testing, and so justified skepticism about neuroimages does not provide reason for skepticism about fMRI more generally
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DOI 10.1093/bjps/axp035
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References found in this work BETA
Are Neuroimages Like Photographs of the Brain?Adina L. Roskies - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):860-872.
What Do Brain Data Really Show?Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (3):572-582.
Studying the Mind From the Inside Out.Dan Lloyd - 2002 - Brain and Mind 3 (1):243-59.

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Citations of this work BETA
Philosophical Issues in Neuroimaging.Colin Klein - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (2):186-198.
Consciousness, Intention, and Command-Following in the Vegetative State.Colin Klein - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (1):27-54.

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