On Samuel Clarke's four types of deists

This paper features a detailed philosophical classification of the four types of deists that Samuel Clarke presents in the second series of the Boyle Lectures for promoting Christianity (1705). In the course of this paper I determine, for each type of deist, the truth values of twelve important propositions, and I show that these four types of deists may be categorized as (1) ‘no-providence’, (2) ‘physical-laws-providence’, (3) ‘moral-but-no-afterlife’, and (4) ‘moral-and-afterlife’. Using an accompanying table of propositions as a visualization tool, I also show that Clarke's account of these four types of deists may be thought of as ‘progressively Christian’: for each type of deist, from lower-number deists to higher-number deists, there is an increasing number of truth values that are Christian-like
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DOI 10.1515/agph.2011.004
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Harold R. Hutcheson (1946). Lord Herbert and the Deists. Journal of Philosophy 43 (8):219-221.
Dorothy B. Schlegel (1956). Shaftesbury and the French Deists. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press.
Rick Kennedy (1993). The American Deists. Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 21 (65):40-41.
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz & Samuel Clarke (2007). The Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence. In Elizabeth Schmidt Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Late Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell.

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