The Essentialist Nominalism of John Buridan

Review of Metaphysics 58 (4):739 - 754 (2005)

Authors
Gyula Klima
Fordham University
Abstract
To many contemporary philosophers, the phrase “essentialist nominalism” may appear to be an oxymoron. After all, essentialism is the doctrine that things come in natural kinds characterized by their essential properties, on account of some common nature or essence they share. But nominalism is precisely the denial of the existence, indeed, the very possibility of such shared essences. Nevertheless, despite the intuitions of such contemporary philosophers,2 John Buridan was not only a thoroughgoing nominalist, as is well-known, but also a staunch defender of a strong essentialist doctrine against certain skeptics of his time. But then the question inevitably arises: could he consistently maintain such a doctrine?
Keywords Catholic Tradition  Contemporary Philosophy  General Interest
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ISBN(s) 0034-6632  
DOI revmetaph200558444
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Ockham and Buridan on the Ampliation of Modal Propositions.Spencer Johnston - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (2):234-255.

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