Comparative Philosophy 12 (1) (2021)

When comparing diverse philosophical traditions, it becomes necessary to establish a common point of departure. This paper offers a comparative analysis of Advaita Vedānta Hinduism and esoteric Christianity, as represented by the two highly celebrated figures of Śaṅkara and Nicholas Cusanus, respectively. The common point of departure on which I base this comparison is the concept of “non-duality”—a concept that is fitting for at least two reasons. First, it is general enough to encompass both traditions, pervading the work of each figure, and thus allowing for a kind of “shared language.” Second, it is specific enough to identify a set of core and well-defined principles amenable to systematic study, chief among which are the notions of the “Absolute” as an infinite unity that transcends all determinations and exceeds all oppositions, and the world as an ontologically ambiguous “reflection” that simultaneously hides and manifests its meta-ontological Principle. In drawing these connections, I hope to show how the concept of non-duality provides the possibility for a mutual understanding among diverse traditions at the philosophical level.
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DOI 10.31979/2151-6014(2021).120109
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Religion and the Rise of Modern Culture.Louis Dupre - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
The Six Systems of Indian Philosophy.Max Muller - 1899 - Duke University Press.

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