Authors
Abstract
My article confronts three of Spinoza’s four arguments against free will in God with Aquinas’s contrary position in the Summa contra Gentiles, Book I. Spinoza’s three arguments come from his Ethics, props. XVII and XXXII. First, since free choice is always exclusive, free choice in God would leave unactualized power in God. Second, if God’s will could be different without entailing divine mutability, then a divine voluntarism would reign. Third, if God has freedom of will but his willing is his essence, the God’s essence could be otherwise. I note that these pitfalls open by assuming that the divine will bears upon creatures directly and immediately. I then show that since for Aquinas, God wills creatures by principally willing himself, none of Spinoza’s criticisms follow
Keywords Catholic Tradition  Contemporary Philosophy  History of Philosophy  Philosophy and Religion
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 1051-3558
DOI 10.5840/acpq20027637
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 57,041
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Aquinas, Divine Simplicity, and Divine Freedom.W. Matthews Grant - 2003 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 77:129-144.
Spinoza on the Essence, Mutability and Power of God.Nicholas Okrent - 1998 - Philosophy and Theology 11 (1):71-84.
Spinoza and Prime Matter.Charles Huenemann - 2004 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (1):21-32.
Spinoza's Deification of Existence.Yitzhak Y. Melamed - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 6:75-104.
Maimonides' God and Spinoza's.Carlos Fraenkel - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (2).
Determined but Free.Coleen P. Zoller - 2004 - Philosophy and Theology 16 (1):25-44.
Leibniz's Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God.Mogens Laerke - 2011 - Archiv Fuer Geschichte der Philosophie 93 (1):58 - 84.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2011-01-09

Total views
44 ( #228,739 of 2,410,717 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #346,644 of 2,410,717 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes