Ethics and the Environment 18 (1):43-65 (2013)

Gal Kober
Bridgewater State University
In the Ethics,1 Spinoza presents a rigorous naturalistic view of man and nature. Man is a part of nature, a subject of the same domain—not a domain separate from it, nor a domain within that of nature. Man cannot act against nature or in an unnatural way; in comparison with any other part or creature of nature, man is not special, more important or qualitatively different. All general laws of nature apply equally to animals, inanimate objects, humans, God, the mind, and the affects. Nature can be explicated based on necessary causes, and there are no extra-natural factors that affect it or anything in it: no supernatural power or metaphysical principles create or regulate it, and no separate methods of explanation ..
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DOI 10.2979/ethicsenviro.18.1.43
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References found in this work BETA

The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement. A Summary.Arne Naess - 1973 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 16 (1-4):95 – 100.
Spinoza and Ecology.Arne Naess - 1977 - Philosophia 7 (1):45-54.
Spinoza's Environmental Ethics.Genevieve Lloyd - 1980 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):293 – 311.

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