Jeff Kochan
Universität Konstanz
Bruno Latour claims to have shown that a Kantian model of knowledge, which he describes as seeking to unite a disembodied transcendental subject with an inaccessible thing-in-itself, is dramatically falsified by empirical studies of science in action. Instead, Latour puts central emphasis on scientific practice, and replaces this Kantian model with a model of “circulating reference.” Unfortunately, Latour's alternative schematic leaves out the scientific subject. I repair this oversight through a simple mechanical procedure. By putting a slight spin on Latour's diagrammatic representation of his theory, I discover a new space for a post-Kantian scientific subject, a subject brilliantly described by Ludwik Fleck. The neglected subjectivities and ceaseless practices of science are thus re-united.
Keywords circulating reference  post-kantian subjectivity  scientific practice  Bruno Latour  Ludwik Fleck
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.shpsa.2014.10.004
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Latour's Heidegger.Jeff Kochan - 2010 - Social Studies of Science 40 (4):579-598.
Subjectivity and Emotion in Scientific Research.Jeff Kochan - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):354-362.
Living Dangerously with Bruno Latour in a Hybrid World.Mark Elam - 1999 - Theory, Culture and Society 16 (4):1-24.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Disassembling the System: A Reply to Paolo Palladino and Adam Riggio.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (12):29-38.
Objective Styles in Northern Field Science.Jeff Kochan - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 52:1-12.
Suppressed Subjectivity and Truncated Tradition: A Reply to Pablo Schyfter.Jeff Kochan - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (12):15-21.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles


Added to PP index

Total views
96 ( #97,435 of 2,340,325 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
38 ( #17,226 of 2,340,325 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes