Sophia 50 (1):221-232 (2011)

Ted Sider argues that a binary afterlife is inconsistent with a proportionally just God because no just criterion for placing persons in such an afterlife exists. I provide a possible account whereby God can remain proportionally just and allow a binary afterlife. On my account, there is some maximum amount of people God can allow into Heaven without sacrificing some greater good. God gives to all people at least their due but chooses to allow some who do not deserve Heaven to enter out of grace. Although this model implies a precise cutoff between those who enter Heaven and those who do not, I have argued that there is a precise point where God best serves justice and some greater good. Although God’s actions may appear arbitrary and ‘whimsically generous,’ it is merely because we are ignorant of the precise cutoff point that best serves his purposes
Keywords Sider  Vagueness  Hell  Heaven  Justice
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DOI 10.1007/s11841-009-0115-6
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References found in this work BETA

Hell and Vagueness.Theodore Sider - 2002 - Faith and Philosophy 19 (1):58--68.
Hell and the God of Justice.Marilyn McCord Adams - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):433 - 447.
Some Major Strands of Theodicy.Richard Swinburne - 1996 - In D. Howard-Snycer (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana Univ Pr. pp. 30-48.
The Injustice of Hell.S. Kershnar - 2005 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 58 (2):103-123.

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Citations of this work BETA

What’s Personhood Got to Do with It?Hrishikesh Joshi - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (2):557-571.

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Hell, Vagueness, and Justice: A Reply to Sider.Ted Poston - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (3):322-328.
Universalism, Vagueness and Supersubstantivalism.Nikk Effingham - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):35 – 42.
Hell and Vagueness.Theodore Sider - 2002 - Faith and Philosophy 19 (1):58--68.


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