Bioethics 29 (9):597-603 (2015)

Authors
Michael Selgelid
Monash University
Abstract
A common strategy in bioethics is to posit a prima facie case in favour of one policy, and to then claim that the burden of proof falls on those with opposing views. If the burden of proof is not met, it is claimed, then the policy in question should be accepted. This article illustrates, and critically evaluates, examples of this strategy in debates about the sale of organs by living donors, human enhancement, and the precautionary principle. We highlight general problems with this style of argument, and particular problems with its use in specific cases. We conclude that the burden ultimately falls on decision-makers to choose the policy supported by the best reasons
Keywords standards of evidence  burden of proof  precautionary principle  human enhancement  organ transplantation
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DOI 10.1111/bioe.12194
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Commodification and Human Interests.Julian Koplin - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (3):429-440.
Kidney Sales and Market Regulation: A Reply to Semrau.J. Koplin Julian - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (6):653-669.

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