Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 60 (4):903 - 927 (2004)

Abstract
Wittgenstein's philosophy of religion is an answer to the challenge of a scientific worldview which seems to be blind to the problem of meaning of life, the central question of religion. After the failing of the Tractatus – an attempt to deal with the existential question without any possibility of expression – Wittgenstein recognizes the importance of the expressive forms of the traditional religious language. A central means of the investigation is the adoption of Goethe's idea of a proto-phenomena (Urphänomen). It allows Wittgenstein to show the basic features of religion with simple, model-like examples, the language games. Though the application to Christianity remains a torso, Wittgenstein brings out the peculiar pictorial form of the Christian language and the significance of life for its understanding. /// A Filosofia da religião de Wittgenstein constitui uma resposta ao desafio colocado pela visão científica do mundo, a qual parece ser cega para o problema do sentido da vida, sem dúvida, a questão central da religião. Depois do fracasso do Tractatus –uma tentativa de lidar com a questão existencial sem qualquer possibilidade de expressão – Wittgenstein reconheceu a importância das formas expressivas da linguagem religiosa tradicional. Um aspecto central da investigação é a sua adopção da ideia de Goethe do proto-fenómeno (Urphänomenon). Este, com efeito, permite a Wittgenstein mostrar os elementos básicos da religião mediante exemplos simples, semelhantes a modelos, que são os jogos de linguagem. Apesar de a aplicação ao Cristianismo permanecer esquemática, Wittgenstein deu expressão à peculiar forma pictórica da linguagem cristã e à significação da vida para a sua compreensão.
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