Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):509-512 (2013)

Abstract
The current use of citation-based metrics to evaluate the research output of individual researchers is highly discriminatory because they are uniformly applied to authors of single-author articles as well as contributors of multi-author papers. In the latter case, these quantitative measures are counted, as if each contributor were the single author of the full article. In this way, each and every contributor is assigned the full impact-factor score and all the citations that the article has received. This has a multiplication effect on each contributor's citation-based evaluative metrics of multi-author articles, because the more contributors an article has, the more undeserved credit is assigned to each of them. In this paper, I argue that this unfair system could be made fairer by requesting the contributors of multi-author articles to describe the nature of their contribution, and to assign a numerical value to their degree of relative contribution. In this way, we could create a contribution-specific index of each contributor for each citation metric. This would be a strong disincentive against honorary authorship and publication cartels, because it would transform the current win-win strategy of accepting honorary authors in the byline into a zero-sum game for each contributor
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DOI 10.1136/medethics-2012-100568
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The Scandal of Unfair Behaviour of Senior Faculty.E. J. Wagena - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (5):308-308.

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Honorary Authorship and Symbolic Violence.Jozsef Kovacs - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (1):51-59.
Challenges to Ethical Publishing in the Digital Era.Mirjam Jessica Curno - 2016 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 14 (1):4-15.

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