Authors
Abstract
In the culture of the ancient Germans, women were of high rank. This was especially true of the prophets. Some of them, for example Veleda, Völva, Valuvurg, were named after the Indo-Eu ropean root _ *h 2 wel _ -. It meant active vision, giving knowledge about the future. This root lies in the names of poets, deities of death and the land of the dead. Necromancers were also active among the Germans. They were called _ haliurunnae _ among the Gothic tribes. Their Proto-Germanic term _ *haljarūnō _ is applied to knowledge of the secrets associated with graves and of the goddess Hel. The article presents the hypothesis that these female necromancers dealt with the magic of graves and bodies of the dead. Their divination and magic had a “material” aspect. According to Jordanes, these witches were persecuted. The practices associated with the goddess Hel were dark and carried out in secret. Perhaps a vestige of the actions of these witches are tombs which have been destroyed, violated and disturbed. We know them from the area of cultures which have been identified with the Goths, of which Jordanes wrote. At the time, the prophetesses, such as Veleda, were acting officially. Their divination was more ‘spiritual’. Therefore, they were accepted and were found in the company of the Germanic chiefs.
Keywords Germanic women  archeology of the Goths  female necromancers  symbolism of grave and death  witches
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.18778/1427-9665.14.13
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,291
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Tacitus Germania.James Rives (ed.) - 1999 - Oxford University Press UK.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Orfeusz i religia starożytnych Greków.W. K. C. Guthrie - 2011 - Kronos - metafizyka, kultura, religia 4 (19).
Mit psychologiczny w starożytnych Indiach (fragmenty).Maryla Falk - 2007 - Kronos - metafizyka, kultura, religia 3:147-179.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-03-04

Total views
2 ( #1,417,359 of 2,456,035 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #303,388 of 2,456,035 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.

My notes