Artificial Intelligence and Law 30 (2):163-197 (2022)

Abstract
In this paper, we present an informal introduction to Logical English and illustrate its use to standardise the legal wording of the Automatic Early Termination clauses of International Swaps and Derivatives Association Agreements. LE can be viewed both as an alternative to conventional legal English for expressing legal documents, and as an alternative to conventional computer languages for automating legal documents. LE is a controlled natural language, which is designed both to be computer-executable and to be readable by English speakers without special training. The basic form of LE is syntactic sugar for logic programs, in which all sentences have the same standard form, either as rules of the form conclusion if conditions or as unconditional sentences of the form conclusion. However, LE extends normal logic programming by introducing features that are present in other computer languages and other logics. These features include typed variables signalled by common nouns, and existentially quantified variables in the conclusions of sentences signalled by indefinite articles. Although LE translates naturally into a logic programming language such as Prolog or ASP, it can also serve as a neutral standard, which can be compiled into other lower-level computer languages.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10506-021-09295-3
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,199
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Semantics by Proxy.R. M. Sainsbury - 1977 - Analysis 37 (2):86 - 96.
Teaching Commercial Lawyers Language Aspects of Drafting Contracts in English.Lada V. Stupnikova - 2017 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 49 (1):175-193.
Legal English – Changing Perspective.Maja Stanojevic - 2011 - Facta Universitatis, Series: Linguistics and Literature 9 (1):65-75.
Translating Lexical Legal Terms Between English and Arabic.Hanem El-Farahaty - 2016 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 29 (2):473-493.
Louisiana and Quebec Terminology as a Tool in Polish-English Legal Translation.Przemysław Kusik - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):163-176.
Translation and Legal Terminology: Techniques for Coping with the Untranslatability of Legal Terms Between Arabic and English.Rafat Y. Alwazna - 2019 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 32 (1):75-94.
An Introduction to Old English.Richard Hogg - 2002 - Oxford University Press USA.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-08-12

Total views
4 ( #1,282,439 of 2,518,090 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #408,577 of 2,518,090 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes