Episteme 6 (2):130-144 (2009)
This paper develops a formal framework to model a process in which the formation of individual opinions is embedded in a deliberative exchange with others. The paper opts for a low-resolution modeling approach and abstracts away from most of the details of the social-epistemic process. Taking a bird's eye view allows us to analyze the chances for the truth to be found and broadly accepted under conditions of cognitive division of labour combined with a social exchange process. Cognitive division of labour means that only some individuals are active truth seekers, possibly with different capacities. Both mathematical tools and computer simulations are used to investigate the model. As an analytical result, the Funnel Theorem states that under rather weak conditions on the social process, a consensus on the truth will be reached if all individuals possess an arbitrarily small capacity to go for the truth. The Leading the pack Theorem states that under certain conditions even a single truth seeker may lead all individuals to the truth. Systematic simulations analyze how close agents can get to the truth depending upon the frequency of truth seekers, their capacities as truth seekers, the position of the truth (more to the extreme or more in the centre of an opinion space), and the willingness to take into account the opinions of others when exchanging and updating opinions
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Group Knowledge and Group Rationality: A Judgment Aggregation Perspective.Christian List - 2005 - Episteme 2 (1):25-38.
Citations of this work BETA
Inference to the Best Explanation Versus Bayes’s Rule in a Social Setting.Igor Douven & Sylvia Wenmackers - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (2).
Truth Approximation, Social Epistemology, and Opinion Dynamics.Igor Douven & Christoph Kelp - 2011 - Erkenntnis 75 (2):271-283.
Meta-Induction in Epistemic Networks and the Social Spread of Knowledge.Gerhard Schurz - 2012 - Episteme 9 (2):151-170.
How Group Members Contribute to Group Performance: Evidence From Agent-Based Simulations.Douven Igor - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
Similar books and articles
Linguistic Meaning, Truth Conditions and Relevance: The Case of Concessives.Corinne Iten - 2005 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
Extending the Hegselmann–Krause Model III: From Single Beliefs to Complex Belief States.Igor Douven & Alexander Riegler - 2009 - Episteme 6 (2):145-163.
Varieties of Insincerity.Christine McKinnon - 2006 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (1):23-40.
Epistemology, Realism, and Truth: The First Philosophical Perspectives Lecture.Ernest Sosa - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7 (1):1-16.
Deflationary Truth and Truth-Biology.Margo Laasberg - 2008 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 1 (2):265-283.
Why Tolerate? Reflections on the Millian Truth Principle.Raphael Cohen-Almagor - 1997 - Philosophia 25 (1-4):131-152.
Added to index2010-07-11
Total downloads40 ( #130,881 of 2,178,148 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #316,504 of 2,178,148 )
How can I increase my downloads?