Theism and modal collapse

Abstract
God is traditionally taken to be a necessarily existing being who is unsurpassably powerful, knowledgeable, and good. The familiar problem of actual evil claims that the presence of gratuitous suffering in the actual world constitutes evidence against the existence of such a being. In contrast, the problem of possible evil claims that the possibility of bad worlds constitutes evidence against theism. How? It seems plausible to suppose that there are very bad possible worlds. But if God exists in every world, then God exists in those, too. And if God exists in very bad worlds, some say, God is culpable for not ensuring that they are better. In what follows, I consider this argument, survey some responses, and offer a novel solution. Along the way, I argue that theists should maintain that the actual world is a multiverse featuring all and only universes worthy of being created and sustained by God, and – more controversially – I suggest that theists should embrace modal collapse: the claim that this multiverse is the only possible world.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 29,827
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Giving Up Omnipotence.Scott Hill - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (1):97-117.
Megill's Multiverse Meta-Argument.Klaas J. Kraay - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (3):235-241.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Should We Want God to Exist?Guy Kahane - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (3):674-696.
Against Multiverse Theodicies.Bradley Monton - 2010 - Philo 13 (2):113-135.
God, the Best, and Evil.Bruce Langtry - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
Theism and Modal Realism.Paul Sheehy - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (3):315-328.
William L. Rowe's a Priori Argument for Atheism.Klaas J. Kraay - 2005 - Faith and Philosophy 22 (2):211-234.
Can God Choose a World at Random?Klaas J. Kraay - 2009 - In Yujin Nagasawa & Erik J. Wielenberg (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave-Macmillan.
Logical Problem of Evil.James R. Beebe - 2003 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Skeptical Theism.Justin P. McBrayer - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (7):611-623.
Theism, Possible Worlds, and the Multiverse.Klaas J. Kraay - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (3):355 - 368.
Added to PP index
2009-10-01

Total downloads
133 ( #39,393 of 2,210,098 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #80,629 of 2,210,098 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature